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Question: Hi, I would like to know if the Kodac photo paper uses gelatin from animal source? or a you guys managed to make up a sintetic substitute to it?


Dear Alexsandro:

Thank you for contacting Eastman Kodak Company regarding whether Kodak photo paper uses gelatin from an animal source.

Gelatin is made from bones and the liming process. There is no other way to make gelatin.

Eastman Kodak Company (and all other film manufacturers) uses rendered cattle bone from beef production to make gelatin used in film production. Gelatin derived from bone waste material is an environmentally-preferable way to dispose of unwanted bone, compared to disposal in a landfill.

Kodak uses non-animal-based polymer mixtures to reduce the amount of gelatin used. While Kodak has researched alternatives to replace bone-derived gelatin, it's not possible to completely replace gelatin w/ alternative materials at this time.

In addition, Kodak developed & uses technology to produce thinner gelatin layers on film. This further reduces the amount of gelatin present in a roll of Kodak film.

Recently, Kodak has been selling an electronic camera system to capture images which can be transferred to a personal computer & printed. This option provides an opportunity for individuals to avoid the use of gelatin-based photographic materials.

Thus w/ Kodak products, the consumers have the option of using: - Standard photographic film which uses technology to reduce gelatin, or can opt for - The electronic (digital) camera system, which replaces film w/ an electronic image capture system and output materials (papers) that do not require gelatin emulsions.

Thank you for visiting the Kodak website. Should you have future questions on Kodak products or services, please call us at 1-800-242-2424, ext 19 (Monday-Friday, 9:00am-7:00pm EST) or revisit our website as we are continually adding more information and features to enhance our service.


Gary Spence
Kodak Consumer and Professional Contact Center, USA
Digital & Film Imaging Systems

Kodak buys 80 mn pounds of cow bone yearly

Washington, Jan 20: Kodak, leading film and imaging company, buys 80 million pounds of cow skeleton yearly from abattoirs to produce gelatin from bone marrow for making film, the Wall Street Journal has reported.

Under the caption "Who knew Kodak would keep so many skeletons in its closet?", the paper in a front page display, said Monday that beef bones were bought by the giant company through a subsidiary, Eastman Gelatine corp.

The journal said the price of cow bones had risen 25 per cent in the past two years to about $400 a tonne, driven by soaring demand for gelatin, now used in everything from yogurt to vitamin pill gel caps.

"There is something of a frenzy for cattle bone," said vice president of byproducts at Excel Corp Michael Rempe of Wichita, Kansas, a major beef processor.

George Eastman established the Kodak plant in 1930 to have better control over the gel-making. He had nearly been ruined after buying a batch of bones from cattle fed with mustard seed, causing his gel to overexpose thefilm before pictures were taken, the paper said.

Kodak's gelatine plant is located at Peabody, Massachusetts, 400 miles from its headquarters at Rochester, New York.

The work of getting the marrow from beef bones and turning it into gelatin for film and for consumption is anything but pretty, the paper said.

"The stench of death rises from 16-ft high piles of cow bones chopped up into popcorn-size nuggets. Frank T Angelakis, known as the boneman or bonehead, perched on a catwalk, grabs a fistful, rubs the pieces between his fingers, and grimaces. "Not the best stuff," Angelakis said. "It is hard enough. Not porous. But it feels greasy."

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